This type of appraisal incorporates feedback from peers, managers, customers, and direct reports, as well as from the appraisee.
It has only been since the s that this area has attracted more interest among EFL teachers. The purpose of this article is to look at some of the issues and ways in which literature can be exploited in the classroom.
There are also links to classroom activities and lessons with literature that you can download and use straight away. First of all, any method or approach towards using literature in the classroom must take as a starting point the question: The Macmillan English Dictionary gives the following definition: One broader explanation of literature says that literary texts are products that reflect different aspects of society.
Other linguists say that there is no inherent quality to a literary text that makes a literary text, rather it is the interpretation that the reader gives to the text Eagleton This brings us back to the above definition in the sense that literature is only literature if it is considered as art.
Before doing any study of a literary text with your learners, one idea would be to ask them what they think literature is. There are many good reasons for using literature in the classroom. Here are a few: Literature is authentic material.
It is good to expose learners to this source of unmodified language in the classroom because they skills they acquire in dealing with difficult or unknown language can be used outside the class.
Literary texts are often rich is multiple layers of meaning, and can be effectively mined for discussions and sharing feelings or opinions. Literature expands language awareness. Asking learners to examine sophisticated or non standard examples of language which can occur in literary texts makes them more aware of the norms of language use Widdowson, quoted by Lazar Literature educates the whole person.
By examining values in literary texts, teachers encourage learners to develop attitudes towards them. These values and attitudes relate to the world outside the classroom.
Literature holds high status in many cultures and countries. For this reason, students can feel a real sense of achievement at understanding a piece of highly respected literature. Also, literature is often more interesting than the texts found in coursebooks.
How the teacher will use a literary text depends on the model they choose. The cultural model views a literary text as a product. This means that it is treated as a source of information about the target culture. It is the most traditional approach, often used in university courses on literature.
The cultural model will examine the social, political and historical background to a text, literary movements and genres. There is no specific language work done on a text. This approach tends to be quite teacher-centred. The language model aims to be more learner-centred.A project manager is a highly skilled knowledge worker who has received rigorous training and knowledge in the process of achieving a globally recognized certification.
At the same time, in the lean . CYBER OPERATIONS. At The University of Arizona, earn your degree and learn the concepts and processes that prepare you for a Cyber .
The ISTE Standards for Coaches describe the essential role that technology coaches play in transforming schools into digital age global learning environments.
the tutor is responsible for creating effective and stimulating learning experience for all learners. This is done by using different methods and styles of delivery i.e. practical sessions, discussions group work, use of ICT, simulations, team activities etc. Lessons should be structured, with clear aims and targets that ensure that the.
STL18 Support pupils’ learning activities STL23 Plan, deliver and evaluate teaching and learning activities under the direction. STL1 Provide support for learning activities K11 the importance of working within the boundaries of your role and competence and.
The Most Effective Training Techniques There are numerous methods and materials with the most effective training techniques available to help you prepare and equip employees to better do their jobs.
Indeed, with so many choices out there, it can be daunting to determine which methods to use and when to .