Native American Literature--selected bibliography, compiled by K. The texts tie Indian people to the earth and its life through a spiritual kinship with the living and dead relatives of Native Americans. Coyote, raven, fox, hawk, turtle, rabbit and other animal characters in the stories are considered by many Native Americans to be their relatives.
Is "genuine" Indian literature the oral legend which is passed down through the centuries and later put into print? Or, Native american lierature we only label literature written by Native Americans who learned English and became mainstream writers as "genuine" Indian literature?
Can literature written by Native Americans who use Western styles and forms such as the short story or the novel be considered Native literature? Is there something about Native literature which remains somehow Indian despite its form and style?
We begin on our main page with an example of Oral legend. The other pages will concentrate on traditional Native Literature. You decide the answere to the questions above. View the literature of other tribes on our sub pages.
As with all other cultures, the indigenous tribes of Southern California had their own ideas and stories about the creation of the Earth. However, their long interaction seems to have influenced certain aspects of their oral legends. California Native American tribes have creation stories passed down through the centuries by those responsible for preserving tribal oral legend.
When compared, there are some similarities in the creation stories of the Serrano, the Cahuilla and the Mojave. Each creation story has two brothers who are the creators, with one connected to the land and the other is tied to the oceans, but their endings vary. The Earth and Land Most tribes view the Earth as an island surrounded or floating on water.
The Maidu Indians living in Northern California believed the Earth was being held on top of the water by five ropes, held by the Creator. When earthquakes occurred, it was the Creator shaking the ropes. Two brothers emerge with one creating the oceans and the other created an extensive, flat earth.
How the Mountains Were Formed Soon, the brothers begin to fight and the Sea God brother jumps into the sea causing immense waves that roll over the land.
This spurs on the Land God brother to push the land up to form hills and mountains, thereby protecting Him from the turbulence of the Seas. Thus, he stopped his evil brother from destroying the land. Concept of the Earth Most tribes view the Earth as an island surrounded or floating on water.
One brother is called the Land God and the other brother is the Sea God. The Fighting Begins Soon, the brothers begin to fight and the Sea God brother jumps into the sea causing immense waves that roll over the land.
John Morongo continued with his oral legend of creation: Then Sea-god, suddenly emerging from the sea, seized and bound him, hand and foot, placed him upon a funeral pyre, and prepared to burn him alive. This shiny, valuable stone will help Kukitac remove the ropes which were binding him.
Pakrokitatc, the Sea God, suddenly caused the waters to rise around the shiny gem making it an unapproachable island and Coyote cannot reach it.
Eagle swoops in to help Coyote by carrying him on his back. They retrieve the shiny, magical gem and give it to Kukitatc, which allows him to escape his brother the Sea God, who slipped back into the sea. The People ask Coyote to retrieve fire for them and he runs off to find it. However, Coyote looks back from a far distance and can see that the People had already started the fire.
He races back and is blocked by the People. Coyote is typically a character that is not trustworthy in these tales.
In the Morongo Indian version of the creation story it is the People, who were first created by Kukitatc, who come to his rescue. The People become angry at the Sea God and kill him using witchcraft. Then, Coyote is sent off to obtain fire so the people can burn his body on a pyre.Native American literature Native American literature, the traditional oral and written literatures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
These include ancient hieroglyphic and pictographic writings of Middle America as well as an extensive set of folktales, myths, and . Native American literature begins with the oral traditions in the hundreds of Indigenous cultures of North America and finds its fullness in all aspects of written literature as well.
Until the last several decades, however, Native American literature has primarily been studied for its ethnographic. David Treuer, a professor of literature and creative writing at the University of Southern California, is known for stories that defy the stereotypes of Native American literature.
His first novel, Little, was published in , and he has since written several works of fiction, non-fiction essays, and short stories.
Native American Literature Native American Literature: Excellent anthology of American Indian writing from North America. Native American Literature: Excellent anthology of American Indian writing from North America. That Dream Shall Have a Name: Native Americans Rewriting America: Profiles of five Native American authors and their .
Discover the best Native American Literature in Best Sellers. Find the top most popular items in Amazon Books Best Sellers. Pages in category "Native American literature" The following 24 pages are in this category, out of 24 total.
This list may not reflect recent changes ().