Official names of South Africa The name "South Africa" is derived from the country's geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English, reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies.
Zimbabwe — part of Eastern Africa in the UN scheme. Geography[ edit ] A composite satellite image of Southern Africa The terrain of Southern Africa is varied, ranging from forest  and grasslands to deserts.
The region has both low-lying coastal areas, and mountains. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message The region is distinct from the rest of Africa, with some of its main exports including platinum, diamonds, gold, and uranium, but it is similar in that it shares some of the problems of the rest of the continent.
In terms of economic strength, South Africa is by far the dominant power of the region. Environment[ edit ] Southern Africa has a wide diversity of ecoregions including grasslandbushveldkaroosavannah and riparian zones.
Even though considerable disturbance has occurred in some regions from habitat loss due to human overpopulation or export-focused development, there remain significant numbers of various wildlife species, including white rhinolion African leopardimpalakudublue wildebeestvervet monkey and elephant.
It has complex Plateaus that create massive mountain structures along the South African border. There are numerous environmental issues in Southern Africaincluding air pollution and desertification. Culture and people[ edit ] Southern Africa is home to many cultures and people.
It was initially populated by indigenous or native Africans SanKhoikhoi  and Pygmies in widely dispersed concentrations.
The process of colonization and settling resulted in a significant population of native European AfrikanerBritishPortuguese Africansetc.
For example, the Democratic Republic of the Congo has favourable climatic and physical conditions, but performs far below its capacity in food provision due to political instability and poor governance.
In contrast, semi-arid countries such as Botswana and Namibia, produce insufficient food, but successfully achieve food security through food imports due to economic growth, political stability and good governance.
The Republic of South Africa is a major food producer and exporter in the region. However, this data might not fully capture the reality of a region with large urban populations and where food insecurity goes beyond per-capita availability to issues of access and dietary adequacy.
In a study of eleven cities in nine countries:The South African Police Service has released the crime statistics for , showing which crimes have increased – and decreased – in the past year. The crime stats cover 21 crime categories. Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several alphabetnyc.com term southern Africa or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland (Eswatini), Zambia, and Zimbabwe, though Angola .
South African crime statistics need to be put into context Letters: If the latest crime figures tell us anything, it is how far South Africa has to go in dealing with the violent legacy of apartheid, writes Bill Dixon.
Recently released statistics from the South African Police Service (SAPS) and Statistics South Africa (SSA) saw a slight decline of % in violent crimes committed in South Africa.
 Most emigrants from South Africa state that crime was a big factor in their decision to leave. Amid a recent uptick in violence in the Central African Republic (CAR), United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres on Saturday said he stood in solidarity with the crisis torn country and warned that attacks against defenseless civilians and UN ‘blue helmets’ may amount to war crimes.
Report DETAILS and alcohol consumption. The South African legal limit is only percent and is strictly enforced. When stopped at a checkpoint, individuals may be required to provide a valid driver's license and a passport with a current visa or visitor's permit.
persistent poverty, a severe HIV/AIDS pandemic and violent crime, South.